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Reading Recovery
 Literacy (Reading)  | One-to-one tuition  | Struggling readers   | Key Stage 1


Reading Recovery® is a short-term early intervention tutoring programme aimed at struggling readers in KS1 (the lowest-achieving 20%). The goals of Reading Recovery® are to promote literacy skills, reduce the number of KS1 pupils who are struggling to read, and prevent long-term reading difficulties. Pupils participating in Reading Recovery receive daily 30-minute one-to-one lessons with a specially trained Reading Recovery teacher, which supplement their normal reading classes. The intervention can last up to 20 weeks but pupils who progress more quickly may finish within 12 weeks. The focus of each lesson is to comprehend messages in reading and construct messages in writing, learning how to attend to detail without losing focus on meaning. The lessons include assessment, reading known stories, reading a story that was read once the day before, writing a story, working with a cut-up sentence, and reading a new book. The lesson series finishes when the child is able to read and write without help, at the appropriate level for their age.

Evidence Summary   |

The Best Evidence Encyclopaedia (2009) rated Reading Recovery as having strong evidence of effectiveness for struggling readers but only limited effectiveness for pupils with English as an Additional Language. The What Works Clearinghouse (2008) found Reading Recovery to have positive effects on alphabetics and general reading achievement, and potentially positive effects on fluency and comprehension.
  • £2658 per pupil
  • Available on RR website
Practices used